Ford Ranger Forum - Forums for Ford Ranger enthusiasts!

Go Back   Ford Ranger Forum - Forums for Ford Ranger enthusiasts! > Ford Ranger Technical > How To's > How-To Submissions
Forgot Password? Join Us!


Reply
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Search this Thread

  #1  
Old 08-06-2012, 09:22 PM
Learning to use the forums
 
Join Date: Aug 2012
Posts: 8
Default How To: Replace front brakes: Pads, Rotors, wheel bearings

This is a How To: for my 2003 2wd regular cab Ranger. You may or may not need to replace the rotors when doing your brakes, the Minimum thickness is printed on the inside of the factory rotors. Measure your rotor with a micrometer to determine if they need to be replaced. Since you have it all apart you might as well replace the wheel bearings for piece of mind, its only another $25 for both both sides inner and outer wheel bearings and seal. There is no reason to re use the old bearings or seal.

Tools and parts you will need:

Parts:
Two new rotors
New set of pads
New outer and inner wheel bearing and seal for each side
Brake cleaner
Wheel bearing grease
New cotter pin
Shop towels for cleaning off old grease

Tools:
Jack and jack stands
Rubber Mallet
Ratchet with 14mm and 15mm sockets
Ratchet Extension
Lug bolt wrench
Flat head screw driver
Needle nose pliers
Cardboard box



First, loosen the lug nuts but dont take them off


Jack up the car.


Remove the lug nuts and then remove the wheel


Remove the two 14mm bolts on the caliper,



Pull the caliper off, this is where the cardboard box or bungy cord comes in handy. Do not let the caliper hang from the brake lines!


Remove the pads



WOW I really needed new pads, look at the old ones compared to the new, LOL


remove the two 15mm bolts on the back of the caliper bracket




remove the caliper bracket


Now remove the grease cap, I used a screw driver and a rubber mallet to start to pry it off.



Remove the cotter in with a pair of needle nose pliers



Remove the bolt lock cover


Remove the bolt, Mine was just over hand tight. I did not need any tools to remove it.


Pull the Rotor off the car. A large washer and the wheel bearing will probably fall out of the old rotor.


Discard the old rotor and wheel bearings.

Clean all the old grease off of the spindle, bolt, bolt holder, washer etc.



My new rotors came with wheel bearing Races already installed so I did not need to use the Races the came with the wheel bearings.


Grease up the bearings VERY LIBERALLY, as well as inside the rotor, on the spindle BEFORE you install the new bearing.




Install the new seal, its a tight fit so I used the rubber mallet.



Put the new rotor on the spindle


Grease up the outer bearing before putting it in the rotor



Put the washer back on


Put the bolt back on, I tightened it up a bit with a wrench then backed off. Then put it to finger tight. I also put a bunch more grease inside.


Put the bolt holder back in


I used a new Cotter pin but you could probably re use the old one.




Put the grease cap back on with a mallet.




Now you need to reinstall the caliper bracket with the 15mm bolts. I used loctite but its not necessary.

I used my caliper piston tool to push the pistons back into the caliper, make sure you watch the level of the brake fluid reservoir so the fluid doesnt go above the MAX line, otherwise it might spill everywhere. I didnt have a problem but if you do I would remove a bit of fluid with a turkey baster or something.



I used the brake lube that came with my new pads and put it on every metal to metal contact point to make sure the brakes dont squeek. Make sure you only use half of it so you can use the other half on the other side.




Put the pads back in and put the caliper back on. Tighten the caliper. I used loctite again but its not necessary.



Put the wheel back on. Tighten the lug nuts half tight.

Put the car down and tighten the bolts the rest of the way.

Do the other side with the same steps.

When you are finished, turn the car on and pump the brakes until it gets stiff again. Drive around easy for the next few hundred miles.

You just saved yourself a ton of money! Congrats!


I am in no way responsible if you mess up your brakes using my tutorial. I followed these steps using guides online myself and was able to do my brakes without a problem. If I missed something please let me know and I will edit.
Reply With Quote
  #2  
Old 08-07-2012, 06:41 AM
Learning to use the forums
 
Join Date: Dec 2010
Posts: 13
Default Re: How To: Replace front brakes: Pads, Rotors, wheel bearings

Good write up. I just replaced my front wheel bearings/races/seals on a 2000 Ranger 2 W drive with 120 K a few days ago. Your write up would have helped me greatly. I did not change the rotors or brake pads however. My only issue with this procedure was not being able to follow the ford recommendation on last step on torquing the spindle nut. I did torque nut to 25 ft lbs and rotated the wheel 15/20 times to set bearings [first step] and backed off nut 1/2 turn, [second step], but did not have torque wrench for the 20 ft inches last step as ford recommends. I did notice when I took the spindle nut off originally I could remove it by hand, so on third step just tightened it as much as I could by hand. Have had no problems yet. Only other problem was while reassembling, had hard time getting the two bolt holes on the brake caliper to line up with holes on rotor assembly. Later, finally figured out that the attached rectangular washers on each hole had to be rotated a certain way to line up properly. I bought this ranger new 12 years ago, and as far as I know the bearings have never been lubricated. Some manuals suggest once a year, and others when you change brake pads or 30K. I was surprised to find them still lubed and not too badly worn. Mostly pitting on the spindle and on the races, but all bearing still good. But I wanted to replace them for peace of mind with 120 K.
Reply With Quote
  #3  
Old 08-07-2012, 07:40 AM
Sweeto Burrito!!!
 
Join Date: Jan 2012
Posts: 6,397
Default Re: How To: Replace front brakes: Pads, Rotors, wheel bearings

x2 on getting a new cotter pin. it really sucks breaking one and not having a spare.
Reply With Quote
  #4  
Old 12-25-2012, 05:10 PM
Ford Tough
 
Join Date: Jun 2012
Posts: 449
Default Re: How To: Replace front brakes: Pads, Rotors, wheel bearings

Did the pads come with those shims?
__________________
Proud owner of 04 F0rd Ranger EDGE 2WD
Stepside, Single Cab
Reply With Quote
  #5  
Old 12-26-2012, 05:39 AM
Sweeto Burrito!!!
 
Join Date: Jan 2012
Posts: 6,397
Default Re: How To: Replace front brakes: Pads, Rotors, wheel bearings

Quote:
Originally Posted by fenderpicks View Post
Did the pads come with those shims?
i think that mine did IIRC...
Reply With Quote
  #6  
Old 08-20-2013, 02:30 PM
2001 XLT
 
Join Date: Oct 2011
Posts: 570
Default Re: How To: Replace front brakes: Pads, Rotors, wheel bearings

Which wheel bearings does one get?

I found this:

http://www.rockauto.com/catalog/x,ca...3L%2BL4%2BDOHC


But it's for a 2001 Ford Ranger XLT rwd 2wd...

I keep seeing inner and out bearings? I'm confused if these are in the actual rotors themselves or are they not?

Just trying to do this properly...

Thanks,
-Nigel
Reply With Quote
  #7  
Old 08-20-2013, 04:21 PM
Ford Ranger Driver
 
Join Date: Jun 2012
Posts: 772
Default Re: How To: Replace front brakes: Pads, Rotors, wheel bearings

Excellent write-up. May I make some suggestions?

- Use brake cleaner (spray) to remove grease or anti-corrosion coating off new rotors.
- Tap your new bearing races into place, to ensure they're properly seated (esp. if new).
- Ordinary C-clamp also works to compress the caliper pistons.
- Squeeze caliper pistons with bleeder screws open. You really don't want that rusty & dirty brake fluid going back into your lines, esp. into ABS or master cylinder. Tip: use a block of wood to hold your brake pedal down, which closes off your MC ports, thus preventing dirty oil from getting back into MC.
- Grease the caliper pins & sliders.
- It's a good idea to replace old brake fluid. See http://www.aa1car.com/library/bfluid.htm
__________________
1997 4x4 Mazda B4000 SE, Ext.Cab
Reply With Quote
  #8  
Old 08-20-2013, 04:48 PM
Ford Ranger Driver
 
Join Date: Jun 2012
Posts: 772
Default Re: How To: Replace front brakes: Pads, Rotors, wheel bearings

Quote:
Originally Posted by NewShockerGuy View Post
Which wheel bearings does one get?

I found this:

http://www.rockauto.com/catalog/x,ca...3L%2BL4%2BDOHC


But it's for a 2001 Ford Ranger XLT rwd 2wd...

I keep seeing inner and out bearings? I'm confused if these are in the actual rotors themselves or are they not?

Just trying to do this properly...

Thanks,
-Nigel

Nigel, look at the photos of your model's brake/rotor parts: http://www.fordparts.com/Commerce/Ca...Ford&mo=Ranger

Notice that each rotor has 1 "bearing & race" set on its inner surface, and a 2nd completely separate "bearing & race" set on the outer surface. So you need BOTH (inner and outer) sets for each front wheel. Total needed for 2 front wheels: 2 inner sets and 2 outer sets.

Some rotors might come with races pre-installed, others may not. But the "bearing" means only the part with rollers, and "race" means the smooth tapered ring that the bearing rides upon. The bearing & race are usually sold together, in a set (eg, TIMKEN SET5). It's a good idea to replace both bearing and its race at same time. Typically, when buying a bearing, its matching race is often considered tossed in for free. The race is dirt cheap, and takes 10 seconds to tap into place, and it's gotta be FIRMLY seated into place. The bearing must be slathered and packed in LOTS of special grease. And the seal is a separate item (keeps away dirt, only on inner bearing).
__________________
1997 4x4 Mazda B4000 SE, Ext.Cab

Last edited by cvar; 08-20-2013 at 05:00 PM.
Reply With Quote
  #9  
Old 08-22-2013, 06:09 PM
2001 XLT
 
Join Date: Oct 2011
Posts: 570
Default Re: How To: Replace front brakes: Pads, Rotors, wheel bearings

Excellent!

Thank you for clarifying that for me! I made the order for rotors, pads, calipers, and all bearings plus new seal so this should be a nice thing to do next week once I get everything in.

Just annoyed at the same time because I went to bleed my front brakes and the bleeder is completely seized in the caliper and everything is sooo rusty. I doubt the previous owner EVER changed anything, which is sad. Lots of work to do but this how-to is of GREAT help!

-Nigel
Reply With Quote
  #10  
Old 08-25-2013, 07:32 AM
Learning to use the forums
 
Join Date: Aug 2013
Posts: 1
Default Re: How To: Replace front brakes: Pads, Rotors, wheel bearings

Quote:
Originally Posted by Brooksthepro View Post
Now remove the grease cap, I used a screw driver and a rubber mallet to start to pry it off.



Remove the cotter in with a pair of needle nose pliers
I actually just purchased a 93 Ranger 2wd yesterday to use as a commuting vehicle for school (and to haul parts for my project car). Had a caliper seize and so I had to replace it (and the bearings) on the side of the road. However, I don't have that sheet metal nut (looks like a castle nut) or a dust cap on the passenger side, and the dust cap is missing on the driver side.

While I can easily acquire dust cups for a couple bucks, I can't seem to find that lock nut looking piece. Is there a particular name for the piece or an alternative method to secure it and keep the actual nut from backing off? I had thought perhaps getting a castle nut in the proper size and threading it on to use, or just getting a few regular nuts that are large enough to at least keep the nuts from backing too far off (imagine that may damage the cotter pin though if they try to back off.) Any suggestions?
Reply With Quote
  #11  
Old 08-25-2013, 12:03 PM
Ford Tough
 
Join Date: Jan 2013
Posts: 275
Default Re: How To: Replace front brakes: Pads, Rotors, wheel bearings

Also dont forget to "bed in" the brake pads. What that involves is getting the truck up to about 30MPH and then stopping with medium brake pedal pressure. Repeat this about 5-10 times. This will help the pads and rotors seat to each other.
__________________
92 Ranger XLT 3.0 2wd
Clarion HU & 6 Disc Changer. Planning Explorer driver's seat and console. Straight-Piped behind cat. Throttle Cable Mod done. Going Low.
Quote:
Originally Posted by dfpgnm View Post
Its like the old joke: Guy tells the doctor, "It hurts when I do this." Doctor says, "Then don't do that anymore." If it sounds like its hurting the truck, don't do it anymore.
Reply With Quote
  #12  
Old 11-17-2013, 03:23 PM
Ford Ranger Driver
 
Join Date: Mar 2013
Posts: 2,048
Default

How many pounds of torque on the slide pins?
__________________
2010 Torch Red Ford Ranger Sport 4x4. 4.0 SOHC, Automatic Transmission, 3:73 gears, Skid Plates, Running Boards, tbar crank, offroad lights, and black Y-spoke rims
Reply With Quote
  #13  
Old 11-17-2013, 05:19 PM
Ford Ranger Driver
 
Join Date: Jun 2012
Posts: 772
Default Re: How To: Replace front brakes: Pads, Rotors, wheel bearings

My Ford FSM says 38-48 ft-lbs for caliper pin bolts, and 74-96 ft-lbs for caliper bracket bolts.
__________________
1997 4x4 Mazda B4000 SE, Ext.Cab
Reply With Quote
  #14  
Old 11-17-2013, 05:25 PM
Ford Ranger Driver
 
Join Date: Mar 2013
Posts: 2,048
Default

Quote:
Originally Posted by cvar View Post
My Ford FSM says 38-48 ft-lbs for caliper pin bolts, and 74-96 ft-lbs for caliper bracket bolts.
i read somewhere else that it's 26 but I used the torque wrench to check the other one and it said about 35 so that's what I did it to
__________________
2010 Torch Red Ford Ranger Sport 4x4. 4.0 SOHC, Automatic Transmission, 3:73 gears, Skid Plates, Running Boards, tbar crank, offroad lights, and black Y-spoke rims
Reply With Quote
Reply

Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Discuss How To: Replace front brake pads STL How-To Submissions 42 11-17-2013 05:18 PM
Discuss How To: Replace Wheel Bearings 2wd STL How-To Submissions 14 09-18-2013 05:54 PM
Brake Rotors/Wheel Bearings USTPC General Tech 35 06-29-2012 08:46 AM
Need a recommendation on front pads/rotors Clinton General Tech 12 10-09-2010 01:31 PM
How To: Replace front brake pads STL Engine/Drivetrain Guides 0 08-29-2009 03:35 PM



Search Engine Friendly URLs by vBSEO 3.6.0 ©2011, Crawlability, Inc.