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  #1  
Old 05-23-2014, 08:55 AM
ryanbrown8384 ryanbrown8384 is offline
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Default 93 Ford Ranger OBD Code 998 and 222 Does not like to start

I love my Ranger, but lately it has been driving me mad. I am almost wishing this issue was mechanical lol

The story so far:

One fine day my ranger would turn over but did not want to start. After about 3 -5 attempts it will start up and runs without any noticeable issue so a figured it might be the battery. I took it to Auto Zone and sure enough the batter tested bad and $100 later I had a new one. Same problem on start up but then I noticed the Check Engine light. I did the old paper clip trick to get the light to flash me a code and got back:

998 and 222

After digging around this forum I came across a few helpful threads and started with the ICM (Ignition Control Module) and replaced that bad boy. As fun as that was to put the 3rd rear screw back in, it still did not fix the problem. I went on to change spark plugs, test coils, and wires as well as moving relays around to see if any of that might give me a starting point. No luck. The truck runs fine once it is stared, but does not like to start. Some times it fires right up when I turn the key, others it can take up to 6 attempts. If anyone has any advice on this I would be very grateful! I can't seem to track this sucker down!
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  #2  
Old 05-23-2014, 09:23 AM
cowboybilly9mile cowboybilly9mile is offline
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Default Re: 93 Ford Ranger OBD Code 998 and 222 Does not like to start

There are three types of codes, KOEO, KOER and CM on your EEC-IV system, you didn't mention which you have. Regardless, you need to determine which one(s) appear and begin fixing them in the just-noted order, starting with the lowest code number. Fix the cause of that code, clear code, drive, verify no further codes appear. If you get your hands on or access to Alldata, there are some very nice diagnostic flow charts that will lead you through the process of resolving the code(s). Buy not one additional part until you know that the part you are buying will fix the problem.

*Edit: you need to fix faults that cause code(s) in the correct order as fixing the cause of that code very frequently clears other code(s) after it. The reverse does not apply.
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Last edited by cowboybilly9mile; 05-23-2014 at 09:26 AM.
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  #3  
Old 05-23-2014, 09:30 AM
ryanbrown8384 ryanbrown8384 is offline
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Default Re: 93 Ford Ranger OBD Code 998 and 222 Does not like to start

Quote:
Originally Posted by cowboybilly9mile View Post
There are three types of codes, KOEO, KOER and CM on your EEC-IV system, you didn't mention which you have. Regardless, you need to determine which one(s) appear and begin fixing them in the just-noted order, starting with the lowest code number. Fix the cause of that code, clear code, drive, verify no further codes appear. If you get your hands on or access to Alldata, there are some very nice diagnostic flow charts that will lead you through the process of resolving the code(s). Buy not one additional part until you know that the part you are buying will fix the problem.

*Edit: you need to fix faults that cause code(s) in the correct order as fixing the cause of that code very frequently clears other code(s) after it. The reverse does not apply.
I will have to take it in or find an OBD 1 code reader to get the exact codes. I just jumpered the pins to get the Check Engine light to flash me the codes because I could not locate a reader. I think I will check around town for a shop that can read it. Thank you for the starting point, I will come back with more info.
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Old 05-23-2014, 10:25 AM
cowboybilly9mile cowboybilly9mile is offline
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Posts: 4,897
Default Re: 93 Ford Ranger OBD Code 998 and 222 Does not like to start

You have EEC-IV, there is no "OBD-I". You can use the CEL on your dash to pull all the codes; a google search should locate the process. You can also use an analog multimeter or a scan tool; the scan tool just makes it easier is all. You could consider buying one on ebay; given that EEC-IV was replaced with OBD-II in 1996, I'd expect old scan tools to be very cheap. I got rid of mine 10 years ago for a half case of beer.

*When pulling codes, pay attention to when you need to press the brake and floor it (about 1/2 sec will do). If you don't do these, you will kick up false codes.

***If you opt to buy a scan tool, look for one that will invoke a cycle that drops cylinders one-by-one when the engine is running. As this occurs and with you watching the tach, you can use the change in engine speed when each cylinder is dropped for diagnostics as well as one way of gauging engine health.
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Last edited by cowboybilly9mile; 05-23-2014 at 10:27 AM.
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  #5  
Old 05-23-2014, 11:43 AM
ryanbrown8384 ryanbrown8384 is offline
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Default Re: 93 Ford Ranger OBD Code 998 and 222 Does not like to start

Quote:
Originally Posted by cowboybilly9mile View Post
You have EEC-IV, there is no "OBD-I". You can use the CEL on your dash to pull all the codes; a google search should locate the process. You can also use an analog multimeter or a scan tool; the scan tool just makes it easier is all. You could consider buying one on ebay; given that EEC-IV was replaced with OBD-II in 1996, I'd expect old scan tools to be very cheap. I got rid of mine 10 years ago for a half case of beer.

*When pulling codes, pay attention to when you need to press the brake and floor it (about 1/2 sec will do). If you don't do these, you will kick up false codes.

***If you opt to buy a scan tool, look for one that will invoke a cycle that drops cylinders one-by-one when the engine is running. As this occurs and with you watching the tach, you can use the change in engine speed when each cylinder is dropped for diagnostics as well as one way of gauging engine health.
Wow ok very insightful and here I am with no case of beer! haha

I will look into that, I do have a multi-meter (computers are more my speed, well the desktop ones). Pretty amazing what you can do with those tools! My truck does not have a tach unfortunately, but still worth a go for the rest!
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